Kersti Kaljulaid, president of Estonia since October 10, 2016

Kersti Kaljulaid, president of Estonia since October 10, 2016
First femele president of Estonia and youngest people to held this post in the history of the country

Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor of New Zealand since September 28th, 2016

Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor of New Zealand since September 28th, 2016
Reddy complete four women as governors in the Brithis conmmowealth, been one third of the total of countries in this community.

Doris Bures, Member of Austria's Federal Presidential College since july 8th, 2016

Doris Bures, Member of Austria's Federal Presidential College since july 8th, 2016
The Austria's Federal Presidential College is an acting executive body its currently lead the country; until new elections. Last presidential elections were void for irregularities

Theresa May, Primer Minister of United Kingdom since july 13th, 2016

Theresa May, Primer Minister of United Kingdom since july 13th, 2016
May started his mandate few weeks after a referemdum its allow United Kingdom to leave the European Union.

Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, president of Mauritus since June 5th, 2015

Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, president of Mauritus since June 5th, 2015
Firts female to hold thos position in this country

Tsa Ing-wen, president of Republic of China (Taiwan) since May 20th, 2016

Tsa Ing-wen, president of Republic of China (Taiwan) since May 20th, 2016
Firts female to hold this position in the country

Saara Kuugengewa, Primer Minister of Namibia since March 21st, 2015.

Saara Kuugengewa, Primer Minister of Namibia since March 21st, 2015.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
Federica Mogherini (Italian) hold his position in the European Union since November 1st, 2014

Dame Marguerite Pindling Governor General of Bahamas since july 8, 2014

Dame Marguerite Pindling Governor General of Bahamas since july 8, 2014
Mrs. Pindling was appointed by Queen Elizabeth at the age of 82.

Marie Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta since April 4th 2014

Marie Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta since April 4th 2014

Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile since March 11, 2014

Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile since March 11, 2014
Bachelet is in her second non consecutive term as president of Chile; after leaved office in 2010 she leaded a newly created UN Women.

Lucille George-Wout, Governor of Curazao since November 4th, 2013

Lucille George-Wout, Governor of Curazao since November 4th, 2013

Erna Solberg. Primer Minister of Norway since October 18th 2013

Erna Solberg. Primer Minister of Norway since October 18th 2013

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN Women since July 10th, 2013

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN Women since July 10th, 2013
UN Women is officially named "UN Entity for Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women". Mrs Miambo-Ngcuka is a former South African vice-president. Miambo-Ngcuca was choosen at the resign of Michele Bachele who will run for president of her county (Chile).

Park-Geun-hye President of Republic of Korea since February 25th, 2013

Park-Geun-hye President of Republic of Korea  since February 25th, 2013
Firts female president in South Korea was first Lady as daughter of her's widow father presidency.

Cecile Le Granade, Governor General of Granada sinde May 7th 2013

Cecile Le Granade, Governor General of Granada sinde May 7th 2013
First female Governor General in her country

Nkozasana Dlamini-Zuma Chairperson of the African Union Commission since July 15, 2012

Nkozasana Dlamini-Zuma Chairperson of the African Union Commission since July 15, 2012
Only woman to held this position since was created

Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Money Fund since July 5th, 2011.

Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Money Fund since July 5th, 2011.

Sarah Wescot-Williams, Primer Minister of Sint Marteen since october 10th 2010

Sarah Wescot-Williams, Primer Minister of Sint Marteen since october 10th 2010
Primera persona en ocupar este puesto al crearse el parlamento de Sint Maarten, antes de esa fecha parte de las Antillas Holandesas pero ahora territorio independiente de los Paises Bajos.

Simonetta Sommaruga, Member of the Swiss Federal Council since january 1st 2010.

Simonetta Sommaruga, Member of the Swiss Federal Council since january 1st 2010.

Irina Bokova, general director of UNESCO since october 15, 2009

Irina Bokova, general director of UNESCO since october 15, 2009
Bulgarian, first east Europen to be selected for this responsability; was reelected in 2013.

Dalia Grybaskautye, President of Lithuania since July 12th 2009.

Dalia Grybaskautye, President of Lithuania since July 12th 2009.

Sheikh Hasina, Primer Minister of Banglah Desh since January 6th,2009.

Sheikh Hasina, Primer Minister of Banglah Desh since January 6th,2009.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia since January 16th 2006.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia since January 16th 2006.
Premio Nobel de la paz 2011 (compartido), meses después de recibir este premio es re-elegida para presidente en una controvertida segunda vuelta.

Angela Merkel, German Chancelor since November 22nd 2005.

Angela Merkel, German Chancelor since November 22nd 2005.

Doris Leuthard, Member of the Swiss Federal Council since agosto 1st 2003.

Doris Leuthard, Member of the Swiss Federal Council since agosto 1st 2003.

Calliopa Pearlette Lousy, Governor of Saint Lucie since SEptembre 17th 1997

Calliopa Pearlette Lousy, Governor of Saint Lucie since SEptembre 17th 1997

Margrethe II Queen of Denmark since Jabuary 14th 14, 1972.

Margrethe II Queen of Denmark since Jabuary 14th 14, 1972.

Elizabeth II Queen of England since february 2nd, 1952.

Elizabeth II Queen of England since february 2nd, 1952.
Elizabeth is Head of State of United Kingdom and other sixteen coutries members of the British Conmmowealth. Is the Oldest Monarch after the death of Andullah of Arabia en January 2005 and the longest serving ruler afyer the death of Ramma IX, King of Tailand in October 2006

Friday, October 7, 2011

Mujeres al mando.

Muchas son las mujeres quienes facilitaron el camino de sus sucesoras, las actuales jefas de estado, de gobierno o al frente e instituciones importantes; además de Juana de Arco, Indira Ghandi y Margaret Tatcher mencionadas en el encabezado recuerdo a La Malinche, traductora y guía de Hernán Cortés en la conquista del nuevo mundo; Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, totalmente fuera de su época; Elizabeth I, hija de Enrique VIII de Inglaterra marcó una época en la historia británica y europea; Madame Curie, relevante científico junto a su esposo, fue galardonada con los premios nobel de química y física; Camile Claude quien su coincidencia con su cofrade y compatriota Auguste Rodin fue fatal para su desarrollo y vió truncada su carrera por la locura; Evita Perón e Isabelita Perón con sus diferentes personalidades no serán nunca olvidadas en Argentina, especialmente Evita fue un icono de masas que trascendió las fronteras de Suramérica. En el mundo de las artes y literatura del importante siglo XX han destacado Virginia Woolf, Frida Khalo, Gabriela Mistral, Isabel Allende y Oriana Falachi entre otras, esta última periodista que tanto diera a a conocer al mundo los conflictos de diversos puntos del planeta especialmente en el Medio Oriente. Otras fueron conocidas por diversas razones como Valentina Teréskova, primera mujer en viajar al cosmos, Lady D por su carisma, vida singular y trágica muerte, Maria Teresa de Calcuta, Corazón Aquino y otras han llamado la atención de millones como Marylin Monroe y Madonna quienes más allá de sus carreras son representivas de toda una etapa de la cultura.
Si repasamos los dias más recientes debemos mencionar a Violeta Chamorro, primera presidenta mujer en Nicaragua, Marlene Albrihgt, Primera Secretario de Estado mujer en Estados Unidos, Janet Reno, fiscal general de ese país quien enfrentó con dignidad la crisis provocada por la batalla legal entre el gobierno de Cuba y los familiares del el niño Elián Gonzalez; Benazir Bhuto, primera ministro de Pakistán ( primera mujer en ocupar tal puesto en un país de mayoría musulmana) ultimada en su intento por tomar las riendas de este complejo país a su regros del exilio; Aung San Suu Kyi lider de la oposición en Burma recluida por años en su casa y vetada de postularse a elecciones en la Burma tomada por los militares; Yulia Timoshenko, primera ministro ucraniana juzgada por abuso de poder en un dudoso proceso judicial una vez instaurado en el poder su enemigo político; Rigoberta Menchú, Premio Nobel de la Paz y candidato a presidente en las últimas elecciones en Guatemala, Angelina Jolie quien ha aprovechado su condición de ¨estrella de Hollywood¨ para ayudar a decenas de miles de desplazados en el mundo.
Es probable haber olvidado muchas, me viene a a mente Santa Teresita de Jesús, Clara de Assis y Santa Bárbara como tres mártires cristianas universalemente populares, la última incluso es entronizada con dioses de Africa en las religiones de ese continente devenidas en santería y candomblé en América.
Además de relacionar las actuales mujeres al mando en las imágenes arriba espero poder dedicarle algún tiempo a hablar un poco de estas otras quienes han dejado una huella en la humanidad y por tanto en la memoria de muchos.

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